The use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, etc. to criticize human institutions or humanity itself. In some cases this is used to influence someone to remodel or improve an imperfection.
Satire: Satire is when witer uses comedy, sarcasm, and irony to criticize human institutions or humanity itself. Satire is usually meant to be funny, but often times its main purpose is for social criticism. Wit is one of the main weapons of satire, usually using intellectual based humor. Satire is found in a wide variety of artistic forms, such as plays, literature, lyrics, and commentary.


The Daily Show with John Stewart is a popular pundit show that satires the real news shows.

Dramatic Irony- when the one who is reading knows something that the character either does not know or something the character believes to be true but it is the oppisite. Ex. - Oedipus leaves his (adoptive) parents to avoid fulfilling the prophecy of killing his father and marrying his mother, only to kill his real father and marry his real mother in another city.


In Romeo and Juliet, Juliet drinks the potion that will make her appear dead for 42 hours. When Romeo arrives, he finds her dead and takes real poison. All the while the audience knows that she is still alive at Romeo's fatal move.

Situational Irony: A plot device in which events turn out contrary to expectation yet are perversely appropriate. Example: After a person goes through a near death situation just to go home and die slippin in the shower.


In the film, 50 First Date, Adam Sandler's character does not want to have a long term relationship. Then he meets Drew Berrymore's character, who doesn't have a long term memory.

Verbal Irony: a literary device that is said or written but means the opposite. Example: in Romeo and Juliet in the first act, it says, "Two households, both alike in dignity..." stating that the families are similar and get along. Later in the novel it you realize that both compete violently with each other.