Point of View/Narration

Aside -- An aside is a speech that a character makes in a play that the other characters are not able to hear. The character speaks directly to the audience. It is mainly used to give the audience some piece of information or an opinion of a character. A common example of an aside would be in Romeo and Juliet, when Romeo is listening to Juliet talk about why names are not important in love and Romeo says, "Shall I hear more, or shall I speak at this?" (Shakespeare) Juliet does not hear this, Romeo is just speaking his feelings to the audience.
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First Person -- This is a common point of view. It is used when the character speaks directly to the reader. In other words, the narrator uses "I" when he or she speaks or thinks. An example of a first person point of view would be the movie Cloverfieldbecause it shows what the main character is saying and doing.

Omniscient Narrator -- This type of narrator knows everything that is going on in the story. The narrator may inform the reader by giving away the feelings or motivations of the characters. An example of an omniscient narrator is is All Summer in a Day by Ray Bradbury. The narrator gives the thoughts of both Margot and the rest of the class about the sun and what they thought about each other.

Limited Omniscient Narrator -- This is basically the same as an omniscient narrator, but the information is given from the point of view of a character, in third person. An example of a limited omniscient narrator would be in A Martian Odysseyby Stanley Weinbaum. The narrator speaks in third person, but focuses mainly on the views of Jarvis.
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Objective Point of View -- This shows the speech, opinions, and actions of the character's, but without any emotion. It is up to the reader to decide what they mean to say. An example of an objective point of view would be the narrator in Shirley Jackson's The Lottery. The narrator does not show any emotion and leaves the reader to figure out why people are afraid to "win" the lottery.
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Unreliable Narrator -- This kind of narrator usually portrays a story teller, giving opinions and attitudes throughout the story. These might not be the opinions of the author. An example of an unreliable narrator would be Scout Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird. This is Scout's opinion of Maycomb County, "Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop . . . [s]omehow it was hotter then . . . bony mules hitched to Hoover carts flicked flies in the sweltering shade of the live oaks on the square. Men’s stiff collars wilted by nine in the morning. Ladies bathed before noon, after their three-o’clock naps, and by nightfall were like soft teacakes with frostings of sweat and sweet talcum. . . . There was no hurry, for there was nowhere to go, nothing to buy and no money to buy it with, nothing to see outside the boundaries of Maycomb County. But it was a time of vague optimism for some of the people: Maycomb County had recently been told that it had nothing to fear but fear itself." (Lee) Another example of an unreliable narrator would be Holden Caulfield in The Catcher in the Rye. This is Holden's opinion on what his former teacher just told him about life being a game "Game, my ass. Some game. If you get on the side where all the hot-shots are, then it’s a game, all right—I’ll admit that. But if you get on the other side, where there aren’t any hot-shots, then what’s a game about it? Nothing. No game." (Salinger)
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